Frost free hose bibs are specially designed to eliminate the need to turn an outside faucet off during the winter. Typically, there are two types of outside faucets: sill cocks (the bottom faucet) and hose bibs (the top faucet).
A sill cock is an older style of outside faucet that shuts the water off right near the handle of the faucet. This causes problems in the winter time because, even though the sill cock is shut off, you still have a portion of the water line which feeds the sill cock exposed to freezing temperatures. When water lines freeze they will break as a result of the expanding ice. To avoid this you have to go down into the basement before every winter and turn off the supply of water to the sill cock.
Frost free hose bibs are constructed differently. Instead of shutting the water supply off right at the handle, which we noted is susceptible to freezing, the handle is connected to a shaft that runs inside a tube which, when turned, shuts off the water supply further inside the house where warmer air will prevent the water from freezing. If installed properly, your frost free hose bib will have a slight angle which will allow any water inside the tube to drain away once the hose bib is shut off.
Here is a quick reference guide to installing a frost free hose bib
This project will require:
- Tampering with your water supply
- Use of a torch in a confined space
- Basic soldering knowledge
- Basic knowledge of use of both hand and power tools
**NOTE** If any water is left in lines you are trying to solder – it will fail and you will have a leak. The hose bib must be installed at an angle towards to outside to allow water to drain and prevent freezing. The following step-by-step guide is a very basic illustration intended only to guide you. The actual process will vary based on your circumstances and requires you to be a little “handy”.
If you feel uncomfortable with the use of these tools then contact a professional. We are always here to help.
Things you will need:
- Tape Measure
- Tubing Cutters
- Emery Cloth
- Flux Paste
- Cordless Drill
- Plumbers Putty
- Flame Retardant Protective Barrier
Turn off the water supply line located at near the water meter. Then cut out the old sill cock and shut-off valve with a pair of tubing cutters.
You may need to drill out the hole through the sill plate to accommodate the added diameter of the hose bib.
Clean all of your copper and brass fittings with emery cloth and flux paste in preparation for solder.
Solder your copper water lines and brass shut-off valve. Turn the water back on and test for leaks.
Connect a hose to the hose bib and wash you car!